We hear the terms meth, spped, ice and amphetamines all the time, but what are they, if a user buys Ice are they getting speed or meth? To help you t understand some of the terminology, the effects and post use effects, how to deal with a user and other useful information, read on.
Crystal Meth is a stimulant that is synthetically produced in labs; it can be made from ingredients bought in local drug and hardware stores
Why is it so Popular:
• “High” more lasting than with other stimulants
• Can be smoked to give rapid high
• Oral, 30 to 60 minutes to get the high
• Snorted, 2 to 5 minutes
• Injected or smoked, instant high
• Easy to find, cheap
• High energy, lack of fatigue, wakefulness, enhanced performance
• Feeling of joy, power, success, high self-esteem
• Increased sexual desire and interest
• Weight loss
• Delusional thinking; Paranoid, violent behaviour
• Itching, welts on the skin
• Impulsive decision making
• Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea
• Raised blood pressure, heart rate, and body temperature; increased risk of stroke
• Uncontrolled body movements
• Seizures (can be fatal)
At the end of the “High”, users experience
• Tweaking: as the high ends, users feel miserable and uncomfortable and may be very hard to deal with, possibly violent
• The crash: one to three days of sleeping
Experienced by Users:
• Disturbed sleep
• Social isolation and withdrawal
• Paranoid and violent behaviour
• Irritability, nervousness, distractibility,
difficulty focusing and remembering
• Extreme depression and suicidal thoughts
• Possible problems with thinking, memory, concentration and movement caused by changes in brain chemistry and nerve pathways
Detoxification refers to the physical withdrawal from substance. There is very little physical withdrawal from crystal meth. Treatment focuses on responding to acute and urgent medical needs that are associated with meth use, not with withdrawal from meth.
Some possible health issues for crystal meth users are the need to sleep, infection from open sores, blood pressure and temperature fluctuations, and general physical exhaustion. The emotional withdrawal can last for weeks or months: symptoms include depression, anxiety, paranoid, loss of motivation, low energy, and extreme craving for the drug.
At the end of the high, users are miserable and sometimes paranoid.
• Maintain a safe distance (seven to 10 feet);
• closeness may be threatening.
• Calm things down, lower your voice, speak clearly but slowly, and reassure the person (things are normal, this is part of the withdrawal).
• Make no jerky movements, keep hands visible, keep room light dim.
During the crash at the end of the high, users are sleeping and usually not dangerous unless sleep is disturbed.
• Keep the person on a simple, understandable, predictable and repetitive schedule
• Provide, clear, simple instructions and simple, repetitive tasks
• The person needs to sleep and drink fluids for at least the first 48 hours. This should be planned: for example, allow the person to sleep for 3 hours, wake the person up and provide fluids, then allow the person to sleep again.
• Gradually introduce nutritional meals.
• Low-fat diet
• Lots of fresh fruit, fresh vegetables, fruit juices
• Herbal teas
• Simple proteins, complex carbohydrates
• Natural sugar (e.g., an apple)
• You may have to follow these steps for two to three weeks before the person is physically and mentally able to start working on the addiction itself.
• For behaviours, redirect, restate, bring back to the task and to the here-and-now.
• Encourage and affirm their efforts as wise and courageous in the long run.
• Acknowledge that withdrawal is difficult and sometimes painful.
• Remind them that the brain and body need time to heal.
• Help person to re-establish a normal pattern of living without the drug. This will include healthy eating and sleeping habits, a return to broader interests in life and association with people who do not use drugs.
• Help them find other support and guidance.